If it effectively assumes his role as administrative and political capital, Rabat is also proud of its history, which has left him an important archaeological and historical heritage.
The site was a stopover point of Phoenician sailors from the sixth century BC Traces of a city dating back to the second century BC were found at the site of Chellah. Sala Colonia, built on the site of the current Chella, was one of the most southern points of the Roman Empire in North Africa.
The Almohad Sultan Abd el Moumen founded the current Rabat in 1150, north of the ancient Roman city called Ribat Al Fath, or "Camp Victory", it was a camp for both religious and military for shipments Spain and saw the opportunity to build huge walls.
After the death of his little son Yacoub El Mansour, who was responsible for the construction of the unfinished mosque including the Hassan Tower, the city experienced a relative decline, in 1609 the arrival of Muslim refugees from Spain in the Reclaimed your Christian, caused a revival of the city, it will quickly developed a market community with a very large fleet jointly engaged in trade and piracy. These acts of piracy that span several seas did not stop until the early nineteenth century, under the reign of Moulay Abderrahmane.
It was not until 1912, after the Treaty of Fez, Rabat that becomes the capital of the kingdom, General Lyautey, the first Resident General of the French Republic in Morocco, while the city is the administrative center of the country, this choice is not challenged after independence in 1956.
Quiet and airy, contrasting with the major tourist cities of the country, Rabat seems immune to the hustle and bustle of urban centers, it is true that if Rabat remains the administrative and commercial capital of Morocco, it n ' ever was the economic capital, the shallowness of the mouth of Bouregreg and construction of the port of Casablanca in 1907 reduced it participation in industrial development. Today, with just over one million inhabitants, Rabat (Sale is integrated with the capital) is the second largest city in Morocco after Casablanca.